In this article we outline thoughts and questions to consider with your tax and financial advisors if you are considering a withdrawal from your Self Directed IRA to pay for your Entry Fee in a CCRC or Life Plan Community.
Please note: While this page is not tax or financial advice, it is meant to give you a good baseline for a conversation with financial professionals who specialize in tax and retirement account management. A few hours of time with a tax or other licensed financial professional could save you a lot of money in unexpected tax consequences.
Self-Directed IRA Overview
If you are thinking of ways to pay for your Entry Fee to a Life Plan Community or CCRC, you may be considering accessing the funds you have accumulated in a Self-Directed IRA. Often, the year you move into a retirement community you may consider a larger than average withdrawal to cover your Entry Fees, Purchase, or Deposits. This may create more taxable income. Reviewing the below questions and thoughts with your financial advisor can help you get a head start to smart planning!
Do I have a Self-Directed IRA?
You have a Self-Directed IRA if you have established an IRA, either a Traditional IRA or a Roth IRA, that holds alternative investments to stocks, bonds and mutual funds such as real estate or a privately held company.
The same rules that apply to “regular” IRA’s regarding contributions, taxes and withdrawals also apply to Self-Directed IRA’s.
Click here for information concerning Traditional IRAs and click here for information concerning Roth IRAs.
While IRAs tend to be complex, Self-Directed IRAs are very complex. We definitely urge you to consult with your tax or financial advisors step by step when it comes to Self-Directed IRAs before you make any withdrawals or take any actions with the assets in that IRA type.
What kind of Contributions did I make into my Self-Directed IRA?
As previously stated, contributions in a Self-Directed IRA are usually alternative investments to stocks, bonds, or mutual funds. They are frequently real estate or privately held companies.
If you break a rule regarding the self-directed IRA, the entire account could be considered distributed to you, which amount will be subject to taxes and a penalty:
- You cannot invest in life insurance, S-Corporations or collectibles
- Any transaction with a disqualified person is a prohibited transaction:
- A disqualified person is the IRA owner’s fiduciary and members of his or her family.
- Examples of prohibited transactions with an IRA are borrowing money from it, selling property to it, using it as security for a loan, or buying property for personal use with IRA funds
Do I have to make withdrawals from my Traditional IRA?
If you established your Self-Directed IRA as a Traditional IRA, you may be subject to withdrawals requirements. This is even if the assets are illiquid, which are frequently the kind of assets in a Self-Directed IRA. So be especially mindful of any Required Beginning Dates and Required Minimum Withdrawals.
Until you reach your Required Beginning Date defined as the date at which you must begin making withdrawals or your Required Minimum Distributions, the earnings and gains within the traditional IRA account are tax deferred.
What is my Required Beginning Date (RBD)?
Age 70 ½ for anyone who reached that age before 12/31/2019;
Age 72 if you reached that age between 1/1/2020 and 12/31/2022;
Age 73 if you reached that age after 1/1/2023.
Age 75 if you reach age 74 after 12/31/2032
The first withdrawal must be made by April 1st of the year following your Required Beginning Date. In subsequent years, your first withdrawal must be made by December 31st of that yea
What is a Required Minimum Distribution (RMD) and how do I know what the minimum distribution should be?
If your Self-Directed IRA was established as a Traditional IRA you may be subject to the RMD requirements.
According to the IRS, Required Minimum Distributions (RMDs) are minimum amounts that IRA and retirement plan account owners generally must withdraw annually. For an easy to use calculator that can generally estimate your Required Minimum Distribution (RMD) visit the AARP website at the link provided here.
Please note: No representations are made as to the accuracy of this calculator. Accurate estimates should be provided by a licensed tax or financial professional. By clicking on this link you are leaving the Second Act website:
Things to consider when withdrawing funds from a Self-Directed IRA
What portion of my withdrawal will be taxable?
If you established your Self-Directed IRA as a Traditional IRA: The portion of the withdrawal from a Traditional IRA that is taxable depends on the ratio between non-deductible and deductible contributions. You cannot choose which contributions to withdraw first.
If you did not file IRS Form 8606 when after-tax contributions were made, you may have to pay tax on the entire withdrawal.
What is the 10% penalty and how can I avoid it?
For a Self-Directed IRA that was established as a Traditional IRA: A 10% additional tax is applied if you withdraw or use IRA assets before you reach age 59 ½, unless an exception applies. For example, unreimbursed medical expenses that exceed 7.5% of your adjusted gross income may be exempt from the tax.
What is the 25% penalty and how can I avoid it?
For a Self-Directed IRA that was established as a Traditional IRA: If you do not take any distributions after your Required Beginning Date or the distribution is not large enough, the IRS could impose a 25% excise tax on the amount not distributed as required. This may be reduced to 10% if you correct the missed RMD in a timely manner.
If I have a Self-Directed IRA that was established as a Roth IRA what other considerations must I be mindful of?
- For Roth Self-Directed IRA’s, only qualified distributions are tax free. To be considered a qualified distribution, the following criteria must be met:
- The owner of the account must have had the Roth IRA open for at least 5 tax years: The 5-year clock starts with your first contribution to any Roth IRA
- Each IRA-to-Roth IRA conversion has its own 5-year period
- The owner must be 59 ½ years old or permanently disabled
- Nonqualified distributions are subject to income taxes and a 10% penalty:
The penalty (but not the taxes) can be avoided under certain circumstances: For example, unreimbursed medical expenses that exceed 7.5% of your adjusted gross income
Can I take out a loan against my Self-Directed IRA?
Borrowing money from a Self-Directed IRA or using it as security for a loan are considered prohibited transactions that will result in additional tax.
Is there a limit to the amount I can withdraw annually from a Self-Directed IRA?
There is not a limit to the amount you can withdraw from a Traditional Although there is no official limit we strongly recommend you review how much to withdraw each year with your tax and/or financial advisors.
Eight questions to ask your tax or financial Advisors before withdrawing from your Self-Directed IRA account to pay for your Entry Fee:
1. What kind of an IRA account do I have?
2. What portion of my IRA is attributable to non-deductible/after-tax deductible/pre-tax contributions?
3. How much can I withdraw from my IRA without going into a higher income tax bracket?
4. If I do go into a higher income tax bracket what is the likely:
(a) additional federal or state income tax?
(b) Medicare surcharge?
(c) additional portion of my social security income that could be taxed?
(d) higher capital gains taxes if I sell stock during the year because I am in a different tax bracket?
5. If I am under 59 ½, do any of the exceptions to the 10% penalty apply?
6. Does my community determine an annual ratio of medical expenses to total expenses that I can share with my accountant? If so, can I use this information to deduct a portion of my entrance fee and/or monthly fee from my income as a medical or other expense?
7. Can I take advantage of this deduction if I do not itemize and simply take the standard deduction? Or do I have to itemize and is it worth itemizing?
8. Do I have more tax-efficient ways to fund my move into my CCRC or Life Plan Community?
A Bridge Loan could be another financing option if withdrawals from retirement accounts are not recommended by your financial advisors.
If after consulting with your tax or financial advisor withdrawing from retirement accounts or selling your securities is not something you want to do, there are other funding options. Second Act provides a Home Equity Line of Credit that can act as a bridge loan to help you pay for your CCRC or Life Plan Community Entry Fees so you can move in first and have the time you need to list and sell your home for the best possible price.
With fast approval, competitive rates, and a special focus on serving seniors, we could help because we understand. Contact us today to learn more about how we can help you navigate your journey to a rewarding retirement.
The information in this page is not meant to serve as financial, tax, or personal financial planning advice. No decisions should be made from reading the information on this page. Decisions should be made after careful analysis and consultation with your financial, tax, accounting, or other professional advisor licensed to provide retirement advice.
Second Act is a Division of Liberty Savings Bank, F.S.B. Member FDIC. Lending and loan services provided by Liberty Savings Bank, F.S.B. NMLS # 408905. Equal Housing Lender. All other services provided by Second Act Financial Services, LLC. This information is current as of 1/01/2023. Subject to credit and loan approval. Conditions and limitations apply. Information, rates and terms are subject to change without notice. © 2023 Second Act Financial Services, LLC. All Rights Reserved.